Attend a caregiver (health worker/doctor)
Once you have confirmed that you are actually pregnant, visit your doctor or health worker as early as possible. This is the time to choose an obstetrician, if you haven’t already, that can give you service throughout your entire pregnancy and at the time of delivery.
Blood tests can see what eyes cannot
Depending on your case, you may be offered blood tests that help to identify your blood group type and Rh status, hemoglobin levels, etc. Glucose tests may also be offered to test to see if you are at risk for gestational diabetes (increased sugar level during pregnancy).
Coffee, alcohol, and smoking in pregnancy
If you smoke, drink alcohol, take tobacco, quit it ASAP. What you intake, you are giving right to your developing baby. These can cause things such as low birth weight, increased chances of miscarriage and preterm birth, congenital defects, etc. Also, limit your caffeine intake, that includes coffee, soda, tea, for it can also give pregnancy problems.
Danger signs of pregnancy include:
- vaginal bleeding or spotting
- persistent or severe headache
- trauma to the abdomen such as a fall
- fainting, and so much more!
If you experience any of these symptoms, seek help immediately!
Eat well for healthy mother and baby
Eating healthy foods and avoiding foods that could be harmful to you and your growing baby is important. Ask your doctor for more information about what you can and cannot eat, also if you have a medical condition that may impact your eating habits such as diabetes, gestational diabetes, anemia, etc.
Folic acid and iron
Folic acid is especially important while trying to conceive and during the first trimester. It helps to reduce the risk of developing neural tube birth defects in your baby. Iron is also important and sometimes you may need extra iron, depending on your hemoglobin levels, provided for you in the form of food or medicine.
Give detailed information
It’s extremely important for you to give all health related details to your doctor. Some examples include:
- details of your menstrual cycle
- first day of your last period (to determine your expected delivery date)
- details about any previous pregnancies, abortions
- your family’s medical history
- drug allergies, etc.
Be sure to do a proper genetic and birth defect history
Hygiene and pregnancy
You need to be safe and healthy for your baby to be too. So when you bathe, be sure to be careful so you don’t slip due to imbalance. Wash your hands frequently to avoid infections and wear loose and comfortable clothes.
Immunizations – a must do
Immunizations are important especially if you are planning on traveling to an endemic zone.
Jot down all important events
Keeping a journal of all the important dates during your pregnancy period will help. It will also help to make a list of questions that may arise.
Keep track of weight gain
Weight gain is bound to happen with pregnancy. You can keep track of it, along with your doctor.
Limit heavy activities
Some activities that you were able to do before you became pregnant could now be a no-go. Avoid heavy lifting, infectious material, prolonged standing, climbing or carrying, excessive noise, heavy vibrations, and extreme temperatures.
Medications and its effects
Commonly used drugs can now be not safe during your pregnancy. Be sure to talk to your doctor about what you can and cannot take, this means everything: all medications, vitamins, supplements, herbs, or any type of preparation you are taking.
No dehydration at any cost
Drink adequate amounts of water. Water helps to carry nutrients in your blood to your baby. It’s especially important towards the end of pregnancy, where dehydration can cause contractions which in turn can trigger pre-term labor. Plus, water can help prevent common pregnancy problems like constipation, hemorrhoids, and bladder infections.
Obey your doctor
Do regular check-ups. Make sure you are following what your doctor recommends.
Psychological support – don’t underestimate
Talk to other pregnant women or other women who are close to you. They can help guide you and support you; you may share the same fears, hopes, excitement, and questions.
Questions deserve answers
Don’t be afraid to ask your healthcare provider questions. If you have any doubts or worries, share with them, and they should be able to provide answers.
Rest and sleep
Growing a baby is hard work! Sleep is essential. Sleep for 10 hours a day, 8 at night and 2 in the afternoon. When you do sleep, do so on your left side, it helps blood flow to your uterus. And don’t worry if you wake up at night, interrupted sleep is normal.
Sex and pregnancy
Sex is fine during pregnancy unless you have any complications such as:
- placenta previa
- premature labor
- an outbreak of genital herpes
- unexplained vaginal bleeding or abnormal discharge
- a dilated cervix, etc.
Traveling during pregnancy
Traveling is ok while you are pregnant, but be sure to talk to your doctor if you have any conditions that may affect you and your baby. Long journeys are preferably done in the 2nd trimester, and if you are traveling long distances make sure that you are standing, moving and stretching frequently to prevent chances of a blood clot forming in leg veins (deep vein thrombosis).
Ultrasonography is safe
Ultrasounds are usually done in the 2nd trimester to check the condition, development and progress of the baby. Who doesn’t love to see their little one?
Visit a dentist
Maintain good dental and oral hygiene. Don’t worry about swollen and bleeding gums too much, they are caused by fluctuating hormones.
Walk a distance
Walking 15 to 20 minutes a day, if you aren’t exhausted, will help to keep you feeling fresh. Stop walking and call your doctor immediately if you have:
- vaginal bleeding
- difficulty breathing
- chest pain
- muscle weakness
- calf pain or swelling
- preterm labor
- decreased fetal movement
- apparent leakage of amniotic fluid
X-ray and other radiations
x-rays and radiations are harmful for your developing baby and should be avoided
Yoga and exercises in pregnancy
Always consult your doctor before you begin any exercises. Yoga can help prevent your muscles from tightening and make you feel more relaxed.
Zealous n zestful pregnancy
Enjoy your pregnancy. Stay happy.
Disclaimer: This blog post is for information purpose only, before using any method please consult your family doctor.